Bird mites are ovoid in shape, bear eight legs and have short hairs on their bodies. Because they are small and semitransparent, infestations may thrive for some time prior to identification. Bird mite populations are extremely destructive and grow rapidly; eggs hatch in some species after three days and mature into adults within another five.
Although some bird mites are not selective in choosing a bird host, they remain loyal to and often spend their entire lives on the host they do choose. If a host dies, thousands of mites migrate in search of a new host. While these wandering mites have been known to bite humans, they do not attempt to infest human hosts long-term. Bird mites are not capable of surviving for more than a few days, depending on species, without a food source.
To eradicate a bird mite population from the home, it is necessary to locate their breeding and nesting sites. Bird mites tend to reside within the nests of their hosts; so all such nests must be removed. All state and government regulations must be followed, since certain bird species may be protected. Specific pesticides, applied according to the label and regulations, can then be applied in the nesting area in order to prevent future infestations. Contact your local pest control professional to devise a customized approach to treating your home and to discuss appropriate pesticides and extermination methods.