Brown Recluse Spider Deadly

The brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa) is rumored to be the one of the most poisonous house spiders in the United States. However, although the bite of a brown recluse in rare instances can prove damaging to tissue, a fatality from a brown recluse bite has never been verified. Most brown recluse spider bites do not result in any lasting medical consequences.

The severity of a person’s reaction to a brown recluse spider bite depends upon the amount of venom injected and the location of the bite. Most are relatively unaffected by the bite of the brown recluse and heal quickly, without scarring, while few may experience tissue damage.

Bites are usually not immediately painful and may go unnoticed for several hours, at which point symptoms appear. Typical cases involving brown recluse spiders result in redness and swelling at the bite site. In more severe cases, injected venom kills tissue cells at the bite site, causing necrosis. Intense pain may also set in, accompanied by itching, fever, chills, restlessness, nausea, vomiting and shock.

No verified cases of fatalities to brown recluse spider bites are documented. Scientific literature cites many other likely sources of supposed brown recluse bites, such as bacterial infections. If a bite is suspected or if there are any medical concerns, consult a medical professional.