Brown Recluse Spider Toxin Effect on Red Blood Cells

Venom released by the brown recluse spider contains a complex collection of enzymes which can cause hemolysis, the rupturing of blood cells. The red blood cells walls rupture, and the cells’ contents are leaked, including the red, oxygen-bearing protein known as hemoglobin.

Most verifiable brown recluse spider bites do not result in any lasting damage. If a bite is suspected or symptoms similar to bite symptoms occur, contact a medical professional.