Jumping Spiders and Scientific Name

Jumping spiders belong to Class Arachnida, Order Araneae and Family Salticidae. A few thousand jumping spider species have been identified, each with its own scientific name. Scientific names are generally derived from Latin and Greek words and may include references to the appearance or behavior of the species, discoverer’s name, the location at which the specimen was first found or its name in the language native to its surroundings.

Common names typically develop from observed appearance or behavior. The Salticus scenicus is also commonly referred to as the zebra spider, due to its striped exterior. The golden jumping spider (Phidippus audax) is named for its white abdominal markings. The Myrmarachne formicaria is also known as an ant-mimicking spider and the Maratus volans is referred to as the peacock spider.