Rodents: Facts, Identification & Control
Rodents’ biology and habits can make them challenging to control, and they present a serious menace to your home. If you’re in need of rodent control services, here’s what you should know about these pests:
- Instincts: Rats are instinctively wary of things new to their environment, including rat control measures such as traps and bait, and colonize in attics, burrows, under concrete and porches, in wall voids and other hard-to-reach places.
- Disease: Rats can harbor and transmit a number of serious diseases. They can also introduce disease-carrying parasites such as fleas and ticks into your home.
- Access: They invade your home seeking food, water and warmth.
- Contamination: Each mouse can contaminate much more food than it eats.
The Order Rodentia is comprised of over 2,000 species, which are subdivided into many families. The Capromyidae, Castoridae, Cricetidae, Erethizontidae, Muridae, Sciuridae and Dipodidae are some of the most common families. The Family Muridae is the largest, containing nearly two-thirds of all rodent species. This family includes several subfamilies and includes sand rats, gerbils, crested rats and old world rats and mice.
Rodents are warm-blooded mammals that, like humans, can be found throughout the world. They have oversized front teeth for gnawing and check teeth, which are adapted for chewing. Rodents chew on a variety of items available to them and cause great damage in and around homes.
Rodents tend to be rapid breeders. Some species breed year-round, and populations are maintained through constant reproduction. Because of the rodents’ body plan, they are capable of squeezing through spaces that appear to be much too small for them. All such holes should be sealed to prevent entry and reentry of rodents. A pest control professional should be contacted for assistance.
Rats and mice are both extremely destructive within agricultural communities. A number of species feed on seeds and grains. The feces and urine of some rodents may contaminate surfaces with which they come into contact.
Rodent Life Cycle
It is not advisable to handle any wild rodent. They are equipped with large teeth and are capable of transmitting a variety of bacteria, viruses and diseases through their saliva, feces and urine.
If you locate a rodent within your home, it is best to contact a pest management professional for removal and identification. The presence of one rodent within a home could signal an infestation.
Keep all children and pets away from the rodent. If cornered, the rodent will bite to defend itself.
Infestations & Control
Rodent infestations can cause considerable damage to infested buildings and local agriculture. Rodents are also known carriers of many diseases and prove a health hazard to humans. Rodent populations grow quickly and steadily. Rodent control is best started prior to infestations. In order to protect your home, garden and health from existing rodent infestations, professional, customized solutions are often necessary.
Unified efforts on the part of neighbors can prove extremely effective in preventing infestations. Within apartment buildings and neighborhoods, coordination of prevention measures may include cleaning efforts and landscape alteration. On an individual level, homes can be rodent-proofed through identifying and sealing as many possible entry points.
- Rodent Facts Rodent Sounds Small Rodents Rodent Droppings Burrowing Rodents Rodent Infestation
- Rodent IdentificationRodent IdentificationTypes of Rodents Mole Rodents Desert Rodents
- Rodent ControlRodent ControlRodent Repellent Rodent Traps How to get rid of dead Rodent smells Rodent Smoke Bomb Household Rodent Control Homemade Rodent Control
- Rat ControlRat ControlRat Repellent Rat Bait Rat Traps Natural Rat Deterrent What to Do When You Find a Dead Rat
- Mouse FactsMouse Facts Mouse Anatomy What Do Mice Eat Mice Feces Mouse Home Infestation Differences Between Rats and Mice
- Mouse IdentificationMouse IdentificationTypes of Mice Species of Mice Black Mice Brown Mice Field Mouse
- Mouse ControlMouse ControlHow Mice Enter Homes Mouse Repellent Spray Electronic Mouse Repellent How Mouse Traps Work How to Get Mice Out of House Walls How to Get Rid of Mice How to Kill Mice Trapping Mice How to Clean Up After Mice Infestation
- Mouse ReproductionMouse ReproductionMouse Babies
- Rat FactsRat BehaviorRat Borne Diseases Rat Diet Rat Fleas Rat Habitat Rat Hole Rat Identification Rat Infestation Rat or Muskrat + Differences Rat Sense of Smell Rat Tracks What Does A Rat Look Like? Enemies and Predators of Rats Rat Bites
- Rat Health ConcernsRat Health Problems Rat In My Kitchen
For information on other pests, visit the pest library home page.