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Giant Mole Rats

The giant mole rat (Spalax giganteus) is also known as the Russian mole rat. These rodents typically inhabit high meadows and subalpine moorlands. Unlike other rats, the giant mole rat is not considered a pest and is not a known carrier of disease. The giant mole rat is considered endangered, listed as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Animals with this classification are considered to be in high risk of extinction in the wild.

A young giant mole rat may be called a kitten, nestling or pup. Females are known as does, while males are referred to as bucks. A group of giant mole rats is called a colony or pack. Mole rats live quiet, dormant lives within burrows, emerging only to gather food. Their diets consist primarily of earthworms and insect larvae.

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