Scorpion Sting Treatments
Scorpions are dangerous predators. Their prey usually doesn’t survive their venom, a kind of neurotoxin the scorpion delivers through its stinger. The deadly venom consists of a variety of small proteins, sodium and potassium cations. It interferes with neurotransmission in the intended victim. Scorpions take advantage of their venom by using it to kill or paralyze their prey for consumption.
Scorpion stings are not exclusively for their prey, though. Humans receive stings as well. Out of 1,500 scorpion species, 50 are known to be lethal to humans, mostly belonging to the scorpion family called Buthidae. A triangular-shaped sternum, slender body, seemingly weak pincers, and thick, fleshy tail typically characterize this scorpion family. Their stings are painful, but if treated correctly, an infection can be prevented.
A scorpion sting can range from practically harmless, to mild, to fatal. A sting may immediately result in the following: sweating, pallor, severe local skin reaction, pain, breathing difficulty that may result in respiratory collapse, rapid heartbeat and hypertension that may result in cardiovascular collapse, blurred vision, slurred speech, drowsiness, neurological collapse and other problems. Advanced symptoms may include motor hyperactivity, chest pain, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps. If the venom is severe (certain scorpion species are more poisonous than others), a scorpion sting can result to seizure, respiratory, cardiac and nervous failure, paralysis, coma and death.
Scorpion stings are considered a major public health issue, especially in rural or underdeveloped areas where facilities may be lacking or treatment may not be readily available.
What are the symptoms of a scorpion sting? Stings can cause immediate pain or burning, and produce small swellings that are sensitive to the touch. Symptoms of Bark Scorpion stings result in numbness or tingling, blurry vision and twitching muscles. For children, hyperactivity and erratic eye movement can manifest.
If you are victim to a scorpion sting, wash the area directly using soap and water. You can also apply a cold compress to relieve the swelling and pain. Should you develop any symptoms associated with the sting of a scorpion, it is best to see a doctor immediately to receive proper treatment.
Medical specialists can immobilize the affected part below the level of the heart, keeping the venom from spreading any further into the body and delaying the absorption of the poison. The spread of the venom is further limited by calming the patient in order to decrease the blood pressure and heart rate.
Other treatments include applying cold compress, antiseptic.
Stings can sometimes kill people. Although relatively few people die, it is still advisable for people, especially kids and senior adults, to avoid coming into contact with scorpions.
If you suspect your house has scorpions, it is best to get a pest control professional to conduct an inspection and an evaluation.