Termite Biological Traits
Termites are an integral part of a fully functioning ecosystem, converting decaying organic cellulose material into fertile soil, out of which new generations of flora flourish. Today, the same biological traits that make termites ecologically beneficial also make them costly pests in suburban and urban environments.
In these areas, the termite’s need to feed on cellulose causes considerable damage to homes and other structures. Termites will consume wooden floors, support beams, foundations, furniture, books and many other materials found inside.
Termites swarm, and soldiers are known to sacrifice themselves for the benefit of their colonies. Soldier termites are equipped with enlarged mandibles, which they use to defend their colonies against enemies such as ants and other termite colonies. Worker termites are pale in color and are blind. Subterranean termites nest underground, while drywood termites establish their colonies within the wood on which they feed and do not need the soil.