Cuban Cockroaches

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Panchlora nivea

APPEARANCE

Adult Cuban cockroaches are light green with a thin yellow coloration on the front of their head and the front half of their wings. Their face is also light colored. The nymphs are brown or black and are very different in appearance than adults. Full-grown adults are about ¾ to 1-inch long. Cuban cockroaches go through three developmental stages: eggs, nymphs and adults

BEHAVIOR, DIET & HABITS

Cuban cockroaches live in shrubbery, trees and other plants. They are also found living under logs and other plant debris such as leaf piles, mulch and firewood piles. Night is the normal time of greatest activity, and the females of this species are attracted to porch lights and other sources of light. Cuban cockroaches are rarely found indoors, but when they do get inside, they are not known to breed and develop within structures.  The exception to this general behavioral habit is their abundance in some greenhouses where large populations may exist.

REPRODUCTION

Female Cuban cockroaches carry the egg case inside their body, and unlike other cockroach species, the Cuban cockroach egg case is crescent shaped. Eggs develop inside the female’s abdomen for about two months and then emerge as nymphs.  Females give birth to about 30 nymphs at a time.

SIGNS OF AN INFESTATION

Evidence of nymphs or adults indicates the presence of Cuban cockroaches.

DISTRIBUTION

The Cuban cockroach is found in many areas of Florida and along the Gulf Coast states into central Texas. Also, it may be introduced into northern city seaports since it often is found in banana shipments. This species is native to Cuba.

OTHER INFORMATION

Although Cuban cockroaches rarely infest a home, it is important to keep them outside. Since they are strongly attracted to lights, the best way to help prevent them from getting inside is to ensure that windows, doors, cracks, crevices and crawl space doors are tightly sealed.

Due to their interesting coloration, some people elect to keep Cuban cockroaches as pets or as food for insect-eating animals such as reptiles and amphibians.