What Do Scorpions Eat?

Scorpions eat a variety of insects, spiders, other scorpions and lizards. They also eat small mammals, such as mice. Scorpions must have water to drink, but they can survive for months without food.

Scorpions use their pincers to capture and crush prey. They use their stingers to inject neurotoxic venom into their victims. As a result, their prey becomes paralyzed, making it easy for the scorpions to eat without any difficulty. Sometimes, scorpions can easily kill prey without any injection of venom at all.

Scorpions use a small, clawlike structure that protrudes from their mouths called chelicerae. Chelicerae are very sharp, simplifying the act of pulling small amounts of food off the prey. This is also used in disposing of any solid matter, since scorpions can only ingest liquids.

The most common scorpions are found in southern Arizona, extending through central Texas and central Oklahoma. Other known species of scorpions can reach as far as northwest Mexico to south of Colorado, Mississippi, Kansas and southern Missouri. Some can even be found in Florida and west to Oregon and California.