Need pest help? Save $50 on your first recurring service today with code GET50

Types of Scorpions

Scorpions are part of the order Scorpiones and the class Arachnida. They are invertebrates that possess eight legs, and a two-segmented body composed of the cephalothorax and the abdomen. This is the classification of scorpions: Kingdom Animalia (Animals); Phylum: Arthropoda (Arthropods); Subphylum: Chelicerata; Class: Arachnida (Arachnids); and Order: Scorpiones (Scorpions). Current records show that there are 1,004 species known.

The largest of the scorpion families is the Buthidae with over 800 scorpion species. These live mostly in tropical, subtropical and partly in temperate habitats, except New Zealand and Antarctica.

Seventy-two scorpion species, belonging to Hemiscorpiidae, are known to inhabit all continents, particularly in tropical and subtropical habitats, with the exception of North America.

Some of the world's largest scorpions belong to Scorpionidae family, which has approximately 240 scorpion species. Included in this family is the emperor scorpion (Pandinus imperator), one of the largest scorpion species known. Another giant is the Heterometrus swammerdami, which can reach lengths of twenty centimeters.

All true scorpion species have venom to kill or paralyze prey. Effects of a scorpion sting vary for humans, since some experience nothing more than a kind of numbness due to the sting, while sensitive individuals can die from the poisonous venom.

One scorpion that should be avoided at all costs is the African Androctonus australis. It is found in Africa and the Middle East. Also known as the fat-tailed scorpion, it is lethal to humans since it kills with quantity: injecting plenty of venom into its victim.

Some of the desert scorpion species, like the desert hairy scorpion (Hadrurus hirsutus), have been adopted as pets. However, this is a fairly aggressive scorpion that emits painful stings.

Below are types of scorpions covered in greater detail in subsequent sections:

Albino Scorpions

Black Scorpions

Blue Scorpions

Emperor Scorpions

Deathstalker Scorpions

Lesser Brown Scorpions

Pseudo Scorpions

Red Claw Scorpions

Red Scorpions

Sand Scorpions

Tailless Whip Scorpions

Whip Scorpions

Resources

Dig Deeper on Scorpions

How do I kill or prevent scorpions?

Q

I moved from Wisconsin to Phoenix, Ariz. Scorpions are the “norm” in Arizona. How do I kill them?

Pseudo Scorpions

Image coming soon

Whip Scorpions

Image coming soon

Arizona Bark Scorpions

Image coming soon

Found a baby scorpion in my house

Q

Is it common for these to show up in Northern California? Specifically, Sacramento.

I found a scorpion on my kitchen floor

Q

If I come face to face with a scorpion on my kitchen floor, how do I kill it? Do scorpions move fast?

Are there venomous/poisonous scorpions in Georgia?

Q

Are there venomous/poisonous scorpions in Georgia?

Georgia scorpions versus Arizona scorpions

Q

I'm not sure how they are getting in, and I was wondering if there is anything I can do about them.

Scorpion Larvae

Scorpion Identification

Connect with Us

Our customer care team is available for you 24 hours a day.

877-819-5061

Find a Branch

Our local Pros are the pest experts in your area.

Get a Personalized Quote

We will help you find the right treatment plan for your home.

THE BEST IN PESTS.™

SERVICES

Pest ControlTermite ControlPrevent and Protect

PEST LIBRARY

Browse All Pests

© 2024 Orkin LLC

Terms of UsePrivacyAccessibility StatementCareers

Your Branch  

Call Now