What is a Bed Bug's Life Cycle?

Bed bugs are nocturnal, reddish-brown insects that feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded animals. These wingless insects have dorsoventrally flattened bodies that allow them to hide in areas such as floor cracks, carpets, beds and upholstered furniture.

Life Cycle Chart

Eggs

Bed Bugs and Eggs

A bed bug's life begins with an egg, grain like and milky white in color. Female bed bugs lay between one and five eggs each day and may lie up to 500 eggs within one lifetime. Eggs are laid singly or in clusters and are placed within tight cracks or crevices. The egg is approximately 1 mm in length and is comparable in size to two grains of salt. Within two weeks, eggs hatch and immature bed bugs begin immediately to feed.

Nymphs

Bed Bug Nymphs

These young bed bugs, or nymphs, pass through five molts before reaching maturity. Although nymphs appear similar to adults, they are smaller in size and are not yet sexually mature. Young nymphs are also yellow-white in color, while older nymphs and adults are reddish-brown. In order to complete a molting stage, each nymph requires a blood meal. At room temperature, nymphs molt and become adults within five weeks.

Adults

Upon reaching maturity, bed bug adults often make weekly feedings.

Bed Bug Illustration

How Long Do They Live?

The life span of a bed bug most commonly ranges from four to six months. However, some bed bugs may live up to a year under cool conditions and with no food.

How to identify Bed Bugs?

Learn what Bed Bugs look like, and how to detect if you have a Bed Bug Infestation.

How do you get Bed Bugs?

Find out how Bed Bugs infiltrate your home and where they are attracted to.

How serious are Bed Bugs?

Learn about Bed Bug bites. their feces and how they can impact your health.

What Orkin does

Learn how Orkin handles Bed Bugs, homeopathic cures and the cost of Bed Bug extermination services.

Resources

Protect Your Home from Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs in Pillows

What Do Bed Bug Bites Look Like?

Causes of a bed bug infestation. Hotel? Used Furniture?

Q

To my knowledge, bed bugs don't just disappear, which is what makes me think that they may be bat bugs or bird bugs. Help!

Bed bugs or rat mites?

Q

How do we tell if we have rat mites?

Brought home bed bugs from hotel

Q

I have a suspicion that I brought home bed bugs from a hotel I was in for work a week ago. I haven’t seen any “live” bugs crawling. I’ve looked everywhere. Do I need to have someone come and fumigate?

Bed bugs in the mattress

Q

My fiance and I were getting bitten on our legs a few months ago. I searched for bed bugs and tried flea traps but couldn’t find anything. Eventually it stopped, but I started getting bitten again a few nights ago.

What's the best/worst environment for bed bugs?

Q

What is the absolute worst case scenario for bedbugs?

Bed bug chemicals: how safe and how often?

Q

What types of chemicals does your company use to help control bed bugs? There is a cat and also a woman who is pregnant who lives downstairs that I am concerned about the interaction with these pesticides.

Are there over-the-counter treatments for bed bugs?

Q

What over-the-counter treatment I can buy to prevent and get rid of bugs?

Bed Bugs in Mattress Covers

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